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Cancer Treatment

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Why is cancer treatment important?

Cancer treatment today has two primary goals. First, to control the spread of completely remove tumours; second, to palliate cancer for life extension and pain alleviation when a cure is not attainable. Both goals are pursued for the same reason: to improve the patient’s Quality-of-Life as close to the best living circumstances as possible.

As a result, cancer therapy evolved into a procedure tailored to the demands of the patient. Doctors arrange treatments based on an assortment of parameters, including the kind and stage of cancer, as well as the patient’s age, health, and lifestyle. These factors would contribute to more effective therapy and a considerable improvement in Quality-of-Life.

What is the difference between Local Treatments and Systemic Treatments?

There are two basic cancer therapy pathways: local treatments, which target particular tumours within your organ, and systemic treatments, which impact the entire body and have the ability to prevent tumours somewhere else.

Local treatments are more successful in controlling or removing tumours in the early stages of cancer. However, in the latter stages of cancer, commonly referred to as Stage IV, there is a risk of cancer cells spreading to a distant portion of the body, resulting in tumours spreading to organs unrelated to the organ previously diagnosed with cancer. In this situation, the invading tumour is known as metastatic cancer, and it needs systemic therapy.

Options for Cancer Treatment

There are now various cancer treatment approaches available to meet the different needs of cancer patients, which may be grouped into two primary groups:

  • Medication Treatment

Medicine treatment is a type of cancer treatment that involves the use of medication or biological approaches to inhibit the development and spread of cancer cells. Many of them can be used in conjunction with another approach or with surgery to restrict the spread of tumours or cancer cells.

Currently available medication treatments for tumours are including

– Precision Medicine

Precise medicine is the use of genome technology to identify the genetics of cancer cells, resulting in the creation of a “biomarker” of cancer cells that aids in the precision diagnosis and treatment of cancer, supplied by specific medications or via gene therapy to directly block the spread of cancer cells.

– Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is one of the local treatments that use medications or chemicals to reduce, halt, or stop tumour development. Chemotherapy has a high success rate in destroying cancer cells. As a result, they have adverse effects because chemotherapy destroys or delays the growth of some good cells, such as hair cells or cells that produce intestine liners. 

– Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy works in the same way as Chemotherapy, their difference is changing drugs or chemicals to high doses of radiation, sources from external beam radiation or solid source inside your body. High doses of radiation will damage cancer cell DNA, making them stop dividing or die.

Radiation therapy also has the same adverse effects as chemotherapy which high doses of radiation might destroy or delays the growth of some good cells

Another related treatment is called photodynamic therapy, which replaces radiation sources with a mix of photosensitizing drugs and external light sources like lasers or LEDs to destroy specific tumours,

– Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy uses inhibition of proteins that control how cancer cells grow, divide, and spread. Cancer cells are targeted by small-molecule drugs which target directly protein within the cancer cell. Another approach is to use monoclonal antibodies to label cancer cells, allowing patients’ immune systems to eliminate them.

– Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is the use of the patient’s own immune system to treat cancer, as the immune system’s usual responsibilities are to eliminate aberrant cells and, most likely, prevent or slow the progression of many tumours.

Immune systems can be improved in a variety of ways, including using checkpoint inhibitors to allow immune cells to respond more strongly to cancer, removing T-cells from tumours and modifying them to better attack cancer cells, using vaccines to boost immune systems, and using system modulators to improve the body’s immune response to cancer.

– Stem Cell Transplant

Stem cell transplants are treatments that use patient-owned or donated stem cells to replenish blood-forming stem cells in humans. Stem cell transplants are frequently used to treat cancers such as leukaemia, lymphoma, neuroblastoma, and multiple myeloma.

Stem cell transplants can also help patients restore their ability to create stem cells after receiving extremely high doses of radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or both.

– Hormone Therapy 

Hormone therapy is the use of hormones to delay or halt the growth of a tumour. It is also used to lessen or avoid symptoms in men with prostate cancer who are unable to undergo surgery or radiation therapy.

  • Surgical Treatment

Surgical oncology, or cancer treatment with surgery, is the use of surgery to stage cancer cell spread or to entirely or partially remove tumours or cancer cells. Many surgical therapies are used either before or following medication therapy to help control the spread or make complete removal of tumours or cancer cells.

Currently, many technologies are applied in cancer cell removal including

– Laser Surgery

Laser can be used in cancer surgery in two ways: to directly reduce or eradicate tumors, or to serve as a scalpel cutting through body tissues for more accurate surgeries in small sections.

– Electrosurgery

Electrosurgery is using high-frequency electrical treatment to directly destroy cancer cells, usually for skin cancers and mouth cancers.

– Microscopic surgery

Microscopic surgery, or Mohs technique, is the treatment for skin cancer by shaving off one very thin layer of cells at a time until the layer is free of cancer cells. 

– Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic surgery, often known as a biopsy technique, is a type of surgery that is performed using a laparoscope, which is a long, thin, flexible tube that may be inserted via a small cut to examine inside the body. Laparoscopic surgery helps to lessen blood loss and discomfort following surgery. It can also reduce hospital stays and help individuals to recover more quickly.

– Thoracoscopic surgery

Thoracoscopic surgery is similar to Laparoscopic surgery, except it employs a thoracoscope, which is a narrow tube with a tiny video camera on the end that may be inserted via a small hole in the chest after the lung has collapsed.  Thoracoscopic surgery is used in the removal of tumours within the chest cavity.

– Radiofrequency Ablation Technique

Radiofrequency Ablation is a high-energy radio wave that may generate a large quantity of heat and directly kill cancer cells. A method is performed by introducing a needle into tumours, with the needle sending high-energy radio waves directly to cancer cells.

Integrative Cancer Treatment at Phyathai 1 International

The Great Life Center at Phyathai 1 International takes responsibility for every cancer patient at Phyathai 1 International. To collaborate in the design of specific treatment procedures tailored for cancer patients, we form the multidisciplinary MDT Team, which includes specialists in internal medicine, cancer treatment, cancer surgery, radiology diagnostic, radiology treatment, and genetic medicine, as well as nutritionists and psychologists.

Each patient would begin with a doctor’s diagnostic to determine the patient’s condition, the location and spread of tumours, and the root cause of cancer. The MDT-team would then offer the most specific treatment procedure that proved to be the most effective with the fewest side effects to ensure that patients received the most benefit from the treatment which will always increase their Quality-of-Life

Cancer patients can consult with our MDT team at the Great Life center of Phyathai 1 International directly as its open daily from 7 am to 5 pm. the consult can be done by phone at number (+66)2-201-4600 ext.2377 or by E-mail at [email protected]

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